How COVID is Impacting the Sale of Financial Services Firms
As the coronavirus crisis impacts every aspect of financial services, many business owners who planned to sell parts or the whole of their business have been left uncertain how the pandemic will impact their exit plan.
Even the finance professionals, owners of Registered Investment Advisor businesses (RIAs) are left wondering what the present value of their business is in this uncertain market.
The RIA industry which advises high-net-worth individuals on investments, less than three months ago set records not only for the number of RIA businesses sold but also because the owners demanded top dollar for their businesses. The reality is much different now especially for owners of RIAs who hoped to exit their businesses this year. Here is what we know.
Deals in the works. Most deals nearing the finish line have, or are, being completed.
Captrust Advisors, one of the industry’s most active acquirers, just closed a major deal, buying Welch Hornsby, a Montgomery, Alabama-based RIA with over $5 billion in assets under management.
One Captrust deal that was scheduled to close is “on track,” says Rush Benton, the firm’s head of wealth management. Three “conversations” the firm is having with potential sellers “haven’t slowed down.,” Benton adds. “No one has hit the pause button yet,” he says.
Investment banker Park Sutton Advisors is also reporting a “pretty active market” for deals in the works, says managing director Steve Levitt. The firm just helped broker the sale of Lindner Capital Advisors, a Marietta, Georgia-based RIA with $325 million in assets under management (AUM), to Cardea Capital, a Europe-based asset manager.
“Buyers who are not that serious to begin with are kind of bailing,” he says, “but other buyers are more interested, and some feel they can get a better deal now than ever before.”
What is ahead? While negotiations that began before the pandemic may be going forward, newer talks are slowing down — if not grinding to a halt — executives say.
“As a buyer, I can say that now is not the time to initiate conversations,” Benton says. “Advisors are taking care of their clients and putting strategic decisions on hold. Nothing new is going to get started until things calm down.”
Buyer interest remains high but sellers who aren’t already in talks are calling timeouts, agrees David Grau Jr., CEO of Succession Resource Group, which specializes in facilitating M&A transactions for RIAs with less than $500 million in AUM.
“I expect sellers to batten down the hatches for a while,” Grau says.
Changes in deal terms. The sellers’ market for RIAs had led to more and larger upfront cash payments for advisory firms being sold. That’s going to change.
“We’re going to see more restructuring of deal terms,” says Park Sutton’s Levitt. “Buyers will be putting down less at closing and more consideration will be contingent on future performance. A business worth $10 million may have been able to get $7 million upfront. Now it’s more likely it will be $5 million or $6 million.”
“The crisis has heightened buyers’ awareness of risk,” says Scott Slater, vice president of practice management and consulting for Fidelity Clearing & Custody Solutions. “Buyers are now more in command and can negotiate more effective levels of upfront cash.”
Grau agrees. “We saw some all-cash deals at closing in Q4,” he says. “There was not a lot of risk. Now buyers are going to be more creative to mitigate that risk.”
What about valuations? The “inherent value [of RIAs] is the same as one month ago,” Levitt contends.
Discounted cash flow, the most commonly used metric for valuating advisory firms, may take a short-term hit but the value of a good firm in five or 10 years “won’t change materially,” he says.
Benton says that while the crisis and its attendant market downturn will depress absolute valuations because revenue is likely to decrease, he thinks there will only be “a small impact on multiples. The underlying factors that drove the market before, such as the need for scale and succession planning, are not going away,” Benton says.
While some buyers may be tempted to make lowball offers, Grau says he would advise against it. “There’s still a scarcity of sellers, and finding an actual seller is never easy,” he points out. “I don’t expect serious buyers will make lowball offers. They either stay on the sidelines or come to play.”
Will historically low interest rates make a difference? With the 10-year Treasury yield hovering around 1%, interest rates have never been lower. Capital is cheaper for buyers and also helps sellers, Levitt points out, adding, “RIAs who took on debt can refinance and improve their cash flow in the face of lower revenues.”
Lower interest rates may also help offset lower valuations as a result of decreased revenue, Benton says. A prolonged recession may mean sellers will get less for their business, he explains, but low rates make it “cheaper for buyers to pay more.”
However, he says, “Money was already cheap, this just makes it cheaper. It won’t make us more aggressive in what we pay.”
Cost of the missing handshake. Travel restrictions during the coronavirus outbreak have halted personal interactions between buyers and sellers — an essential component of any M&A deal not easily replaced.
“Online dating is a good starting point, but before you get married you do want to meet the other person,” says Grau by way of analogy. “Not having face-to-face meetings will slow down the speed of closings and volume of M&A deals in 2020 for sure.”
Benton goes further: “Sellers shouldn’t even consider an offer without meeting the buyer…If I were a seller, and a buyer wanted to go ahead and make a transaction without meeting first, I wouldn’t walk away, I’d run away,” he says. “That’s telling you that culture doesn’t matter and the deal is just about money, which is a bad sign.”
Why are M&A executives so confident? The long-term prospects for RIAs remain bright, executives maintain.
“The fundamental drivers for mergers and acquisitions are still there,” says Slater. “The principals are still getting older, the business is still getting more complex and firms know they need help and there’s still a lot of capital attracted to the advisory industry.”
What’s more, they say, RIAs’ rapid recovery after the Great Recession of 2008-09 bodes well for the industry’s future.
Not that the initial fall from market highs will be trauma-free.
“Some sellers may be in different stages of grief because they missed the top of the market,” says Matt Cooper, president of Beacon Pointe Wealth Advisors, which recently recapitalized with a private equity partner and bought Ferrell Wealth Management, an Orlando, Florida-based RIA with around $460 million in AUM.
“Initially there will be some emotional denial and pullback,” Cooper says. “But over the next six to 18 months, RIAs will look at their fixed costs and realize the benefits of economies of scale. And advisors will realize we have no choice but to cuddle up next to each other.”